The representation of speech using phonetic symbols. Broad transcription shows very little phonetic detail and especially not detail which is predictable from general phonetic principles or from the phonological properties of the language in question. Thus, for example aspiration of plosives would not be shown in a broad transcription of English, but would be shown in languages where this feature is phonologically contrastive. Narrow transcription, on the other hand, does show at least some non-contrastive phonetic detail.