An ordered sequence of phonological rule applications which convert the underlying phonological form of a lexical item into its surface phonetic form. The example below derives the surface form sɪŋɪŋ from an underlying form sɪnɡ+ɪnɡ.
- Underlying representation – sɪnɡ+ɪnɡ
- Assimilation – sɪŋɡ+ɪŋɡ (applies twice)
- Velar plosive deletion – sɪŋ+ɪŋ (applies twice)
- Output – sɪŋɪŋ